Tenant identification

The package lets you identify tenants using the following methods:

  • Domain identification (acme.com)
  • Subdomain identification (acme.yoursaas.com)
  • Domain OR subdomain identification (both of the above)
  • Path identification (yoursaas.com/acme/dashboard)
  • Request data identification (yoursaas.com/users?tenant_id=acme — or using request headers)

However, you're free to write additional tenant resolvers.

All of the identification methods mentioned above come with their own middleware. You can read more about each identification method below.

Domain identification

To use this identification method, make sure your tenant model uses the HasDomains trait.

Be sure to read the Domains page of the documentation.

The relationship is Tenant hasMany Domain. Store the hostnames in the domain column of the domains table.

This identification method comes with the Stancl\Tenancy\Middleware\InitializeTenancyByDomain middleware.

Subdomain identification

This is the exact same as domain identification, except you store the subdomains in the domain column of the domains table.

The benefit of this approach rather than storing the subdomain's full hostname in the domain column is that you can use this subdomain on any of your central domains.

The middleware for this method is Stancl\Tenancy\Middleware\InitializeTenancyBySubdomain.

Combined domain/subdomain identification

If you'd like to use subdomains and domains at the same time, use the Stancl\Tenancy\Middleware\InitializeTenancyByDomainOrSubdomain middleware.

Records that contain dots in the domain column will be treated as domains/hostnames (eg. foo.bar.com) and records that don't contain any dots will be treated as subdomains (eg. foo).

Path identification

Some applications will want to use a single domain, but use paths to identify the tenant. This would be when you want customers to use your branded product rather than giving them a whitelabel product that they can use on their own domains.

To do this, use the Stancl\Tenancy\Middleware\InitializeTenancyByPath middleware and make sure your routes are prefixes with /{tenant}.

use Stancl\Tenancy\Middleware\InitializeTenancyByPath;

    'prefix' => '/{tenant}',
    'middleware' => [InitializeTenancyByPath::class],
], function () {
    Route::get('/foo', 'FooController@index');

If you'd like to customize the name of the argument (e.g. use team instead of tenant, look into the middleware for the public static property).

Request data identification

You might want to identify tenants based on request data (headers or query parameters). Applications with SPA frontends and API backends may want to use this approach.

The middleware for this identification method is Stancl\Tenancy\Middleware\InitializeTenancyByRequestData.

You may customize what this middleware looks for in the request. By default, it will look for the X-Tenant header. If the header is not found, it will look for the tenant query parameter.

If you'd like to use a different header, change the static property:

use Stancl\Tenancy\Middleware\InitializeTenancyByRequestData;

InitializeTenancyByRequestData::$header = 'X-Team';

If you'd like to only use the query parameter identification, set the header static property to null:

use Stancl\Tenancy\Middleware\InitializeTenancyByRequestData;

InitializeTenancyByRequestData::$header = null;

If you'd like to disable the query parameter identification and only ever use the header, set the static property for the parameter to null:

use Stancl\Tenancy\Middleware\InitializeTenancyByRequestData;

InitializeTenancyByRequestData::$queryParameter = null;

Manually identifying tenants

See the manual initialization page to see how to identify tenants manually.

Customizing onFail logic

Each identification middleware has a static $onFail property that can be used to customize the behavior that should happen when a tenant couldn't be identified.

\Stancl\Tenancy\Middleware\InitializeTenancyByDomain::$onFail = function ($exception, $request, $next) {
    return redirect('https://my-central-domain.com/');